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160.45 -0.14  -0.09% NYSE Mar 27, 5:00PM BATS Real time Currency in USD

IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly):

1.32B for Dec. 31, 2014

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IBM Historical Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Data

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Data for this Date Range  
Dec. 31, 2014 1.32B
Sept. 30, 2014 1.354B
June 30, 2014 1.457B
March 31, 2014 1.501B
Dec. 31, 2013 1.452B
Sept. 30, 2013 1.356B
June 30, 2013 1.548B
March 31, 2013 1.644B
Dec. 31, 2012 1.58B
Sept. 30, 2012 1.534B
June 30, 2012 1.587B
March 31, 2012 1.601B
Dec. 31, 2011 1.555B
Sept. 30, 2011 1.546B
June 30, 2011 1.569B
March 31, 2011 1.587B
Dec. 31, 2010 1.578B
Sept. 30, 2010 1.464B
June 30, 2010 1.475B
March 31, 2010 1.509B
Dec. 31, 2009 1.46B
Sept. 30, 2009 1.446B
June 30, 2009 1.434B
March 31, 2009 1.48B
Dec. 31, 2008 1.528B
Sept. 30, 2008 1.579B
June 30, 2008 1.375B
March 31, 2008 1.295B
Dec. 31, 2007 1.585B
Sept. 30, 2007 1.524B
June 30, 2007 1.534B
March 31, 2007 1.509B
Dec. 31, 2006 1.587B
Sept. 30, 2006 1.543B
June 30, 2006 1.522B
March 31, 2006 1.456B
Dec. 31, 2005 1.459B
Sept. 30, 2005 1.447B
June 30, 2005 1.477B
March 31, 2005 1.459B
Dec. 31, 2004 1.514B
Sept. 30, 2004 1.468B
June 30, 2004 1.476B
March 31, 2004 1.416B
Dec. 31, 2003 1.349B
Sept. 30, 2003 1.307B
June 30, 2003 1.226B
March 31, 2003 1.195B
Dec. 31, 2002 1.204B
Sept. 30, 2002 1.213B

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About R&D Expense

R&D expenses are a line item from many companies' income statements.

R&D expense (short for research and development expense) is essentially the amount of money that a company spends to develop new products and services each year. For example, if a pharmaceutical firm hires research scientists to develop new drugs, the salaries of these researchers will generally be expensed in the R&D expense category.

Like marketing expenses, but unlike capital expenditures, R&D expenses are subtracted from revenues every year directly. Therefore, accountants treat R&D spending as an expense rather than as an investment, though there is continuous debate over whether this is the correct classification.

An investor looking at companies with large R&D expenditures should think hard about whether a single company's R&D spending is an expense (like buying rubber to produce tires) or whether it is an investment (like buying machinery to produce tires more efficiently). Determining the answer to that question can have a large impact on how the company is valued.
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IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Benchmarks

Apple 1.895B
Oracle 1.37B
Microsoft 2.903B

IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Range, Past 5 Years

Minimum 1.32B Dec 2014
Maximum 1.644B Mar 2013
Average 1.511B

IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Excel Add-In Codes

  • Metric Code: r_and_d_expense
  • Latest data point: =YCP("IBM", "r_and_d_expense")
  • Last 5 data points: =YCS("IBM", "r_and_d_expense", -4)

To find the codes for any of our financial metrics, see our Complete Reference of Metric Codes.

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