Nokia Oyj (NOK)

4.22 -0.03  -0.71% NYSE Feb 19, 16:59 Delayed 2m USD

Nokia Research and Development Expense (Quarterly):

1.184B for Dec. 31, 2019
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Historical Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Data

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Data for this Date Range  
Dec. 31, 2019 1.184B
Sept. 30, 2019 1.179B
June 30, 2019 1.265B
March 31, 2019 1.313B
Dec. 31, 2018 1.329B
Sept. 30, 2018 1.306B
June 30, 2018 1.391B
March 31, 2018 1.434B
Dec. 31, 2017 1.444B
Sept. 30, 2017 1.425B
June 30, 2017 1.336B
March 31, 2017 1.348B
Dec. 31, 2016 1.382B
Sept. 30, 2016 1.357B
June 30, 2016 1.396B
March 31, 2016 1.394B
Dec. 31, 2015 590.83M
Sept. 30, 2015 534.55M
June 30, 2015 570.22M
March 31, 2015 612.67M
Dec. 31, 2014 628.20M
Sept. 30, 2014 644.07M
June 30, 2014 795.50M
March 31, 2014 806.94M
Dec. 31, 2013 -39.48M
   
Sept. 30, 2013 791.33M
June 30, 2013 906.46M
March 31, 2013 934.67M
Dec. 31, 2012 -743.28M
Sept. 30, 2012 1.395B
June 30, 2012 1.579B
March 31, 2012 1.715B
Dec. 31, 2011 -1.134B
Sept. 30, 2011 1.874B
June 30, 2011 2.001B
March 31, 2011 1.998B
Dec. 31, 2010 2.065B
Sept. 30, 2010 1.817B
June 30, 2010 1.888B
March 31, 2010 1.983B
Dec. 31, 2009 2.311B
Sept. 30, 2009 1.983B
June 30, 2009 4.033B
March 31, 2009 1.960B
Dec. 31, 2008 2.280B
Sept. 30, 2008 2.195B
June 30, 2008 2.181B
March 31, 2008 2.061B
Dec. 31, 2007 2.330B
Sept. 30, 2007 1.907B

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About R&D Expense

R&D expenses are a line item from many companies' income statements.

R&D expense (short for research and development expense) is essentially the amount of money that a company spends to develop new products and services each year. For example, if a pharmaceutical firm hires research scientists to develop new drugs, the salaries of these researchers will generally be expensed in the R&D expense category.

Like marketing expenses, but unlike capital expenditures, R&D expenses are subtracted from revenues every year directly. Therefore, accountants treat R&D spending as an expense rather than as an investment, though there is continuous debate over whether this is the correct classification.

An investor looking at companies with large R&D expenditures should think hard about whether a single company's R&D spending is an expense (like buying rubber to produce tires) or whether it is an investment (like buying machinery to produce tires more efficiently). Determining the answer to that question can have a large impact on how the company is valued.
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Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Benchmarks

Benchmarks
Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson 990.82M
STMicroelectronics NV 362.00M
Qualcomm Inc 1.406B

Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Range, Past 5 Years

Minimum 534.55M Sep 2015
Maximum 1.444B Dec 2017
Average 1.190B
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