International Business Machines Corp (IBM)

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142.22 +0.02  +0.01% NYSE Sep 18, 16:59 Delayed 2m USD

International Business Machines Research and Development Expense (Quarterly):

1.407B for June 30, 2019
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Historical Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Data

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Data for this Date Range  
June 30, 2019 1.407B
March 31, 2019 1.433B
Dec. 31, 2018 1.358B
Sept. 30, 2018 1.252B
June 30, 2018 1.364B
March 31, 2018 1.405B
Dec. 31, 2017 1.378B
Sept. 30, 2017 1.291B
June 30, 2017 1.436B
March 31, 2017 1.484B
Dec. 31, 2016 1.406B
Sept. 30, 2016 1.397B
June 30, 2016 1.465B
March 31, 2016 1.458B
Dec. 31, 2015 1.362B
Sept. 30, 2015 1.287B
June 30, 2015 1.30B
March 31, 2015 1.298B
Dec. 31, 2014 1.32B
Sept. 30, 2014 1.354B
June 30, 2014 1.361B
March 31, 2014 1.402B
Dec. 31, 2013 1.452B
Sept. 30, 2013 1.356B
June 30, 2013 1.548B
March 31, 2013 1.644B
Dec. 31, 2012 1.094B
Sept. 30, 2012 1.534B
June 30, 2012 1.587B
March 31, 2012 1.601B
Dec. 31, 2011 1.555B
Sept. 30, 2011 1.546B
June 30, 2011 1.569B
March 31, 2011 1.587B
Dec. 31, 2010 1.578B
Sept. 30, 2010 1.464B
June 30, 2010 1.475B
March 31, 2010 1.509B
Dec. 31, 2009 1.46B
Sept. 30, 2009 1.446B
June 30, 2009 1.434B
March 31, 2009 1.48B
Dec. 31, 2008 1.528B
Sept. 30, 2008 1.579B
June 30, 2008 1.66B
March 31, 2008 1.569B
Dec. 31, 2007 1.585B
Sept. 30, 2007 1.524B
June 30, 2007 1.534B
March 31, 2007 1.509B

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About R&D Expense

R&D expenses are a line item from many companies' income statements.

R&D expense (short for research and development expense) is essentially the amount of money that a company spends to develop new products and services each year. For example, if a pharmaceutical firm hires research scientists to develop new drugs, the salaries of these researchers will generally be expensed in the R&D expense category.

Like marketing expenses, but unlike capital expenditures, R&D expenses are subtracted from revenues every year directly. Therefore, accountants treat R&D spending as an expense rather than as an investment, though there is continuous debate over whether this is the correct classification.

An investor looking at companies with large R&D expenditures should think hard about whether a single company's R&D spending is an expense (like buying rubber to produce tires) or whether it is an investment (like buying machinery to produce tires more efficiently). Determining the answer to that question can have a large impact on how the company is valued.
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Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Benchmarks

DXC Technology Co --
Mantech International Corp --
Unisys Corp 7.20M

Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Range, Past 5 Years

Minimum 1.252B Sep 2018
Maximum 1.484B Mar 2017
Average 1.373B

Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Excel Add-In Codes

  • Metric Code: r_and_d_expense
  • Data Point Example: =YCP("IBM", "r_and_d_expense")
  • Data Series Example: =YCS("IBM", "r_and_d_expense", -4)

To find the codes for any of our financial metrics, see our Complete Reference of Metric Codes.

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