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162.37 -6.75  -3.99% NYSE Jan 19, 20:00 Delayed 2m USD

IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly):

1.079B for Dec. 31, 2017
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IBM Historical Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Data

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Data for this Date Range  
Dec. 31, 2017 1.079B
Sept. 30, 2017 1.034B
June 30, 2017 1.119B
March 31, 2017 1.088B
Dec. 31, 2016 910.00M
Sept. 30, 2016 869.00M
June 30, 2016 1.10B
March 31, 2016 1.241B
Dec. 31, 2015 1.169B
Sept. 30, 2015 1.099B
June 30, 2015 1.172B
March 31, 2015 1.125B
Dec. 31, 2014 1.121B
Sept. 30, 2014 1.209B
June 30, 2014 1.17B
March 31, 2014 1.195B
Dec. 31, 2013 1.251B
Sept. 30, 2013 1.165B
June 30, 2013 1.301B
March 31, 2013 1.644B
Dec. 31, 2012 1.941B
Sept. 30, 2012 1.231B
June 30, 2012 1.587B
March 31, 2012 1.601B
Dec. 31, 2011 1.555B
Sept. 30, 2011 1.546B
June 30, 2011 1.569B
March 31, 2011 1.587B
Dec. 31, 2010 1.578B
Sept. 30, 2010 1.464B
June 30, 2010 1.475B
March 31, 2010 1.509B
Dec. 31, 2009 1.46B
Sept. 30, 2009 1.446B
June 30, 2009 1.434B
March 31, 2009 1.48B
Dec. 31, 2008 1.528B
Sept. 30, 2008 1.579B
June 30, 2008 1.66B
March 31, 2008 1.569B
Dec. 31, 2007 1.585B
Sept. 30, 2007 1.524B
June 30, 2007 1.534B
March 31, 2007 1.509B
Dec. 31, 2006 1.587B
Sept. 30, 2006 1.543B
June 30, 2006 1.522B
March 31, 2006 1.456B
Dec. 31, 2005 1.459B
Sept. 30, 2005 1.447B

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About R&D Expense

R&D expenses are a line item from many companies' income statements.

R&D expense (short for research and development expense) is essentially the amount of money that a company spends to develop new products and services each year. For example, if a pharmaceutical firm hires research scientists to develop new drugs, the salaries of these researchers will generally be expensed in the R&D expense category.

Like marketing expenses, but unlike capital expenditures, R&D expenses are subtracted from revenues every year directly. Therefore, accountants treat R&D spending as an expense rather than as an investment, though there is continuous debate over whether this is the correct classification.

An investor looking at companies with large R&D expenditures should think hard about whether a single company's R&D spending is an expense (like buying rubber to produce tires) or whether it is an investment (like buying machinery to produce tires more efficiently). Determining the answer to that question can have a large impact on how the company is valued.
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IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Benchmarks

Apple 2.997B 394.00M

IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Range, Past 5 Years

Minimum 869.00M Sep 2016
Maximum 1.644B Mar 2013
Average 1.153B

IBM Research and Development Expense (Quarterly) Excel Add-In Codes

  • Metric Code: r_and_d_expense
  • Latest data point: =YCP("IBM", "r_and_d_expense")
  • Last 5 data points: =YCS("IBM", "r_and_d_expense", -4)

To find the codes for any of our financial metrics, see our Complete Reference of Metric Codes.

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