Gross profit is the difference between sales and the cost of goods sold. Revenues (aka Sales) less Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) is a company's gross profit. For many companies, cost of goods sold is a substantial portion of expenses.
Analysts frequently look at gross profit and operating profit. Operating profits takes one further step and subtracts cost of goods sold and any other operating expenses from revenue. Operating costs include, but are not limited to: Selling General & Admin Expenses (SGA), Depreciation, and Amortization. This details the amount of earnings left that a firm is able to use for other purposes.
Increasing gross profits are a good sign for a company (it means the company is generating money from sales). It is also crucial to look at Gross Profit Margins to understand the % of revenues that is going into Gross Profit. Comparing the size of Gross Profit can let investor see the size and scope of the company within its competitive market.
Gross Profit (Quarterly) = Sales (Quarterly) - Cost of Goods Sold (Quarterly)
Gross Profit (TTM) = Sales (TTM) - Cost of Goods Sold (TTM)
Gross Profit (Annual) = Sales (Annual) - Cost of Goods Sold (Annual)