Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)View Financial Glossary Index
ROIC is an acronym for "Return on Invested Capital", and it is a concept that doesn't have a fixed definition. In YCharts, it is the net income that a company earned as a percentage of all of the capital given to a company by shareholders and debt holders. It is a ratio that tries to answer the question: "If I gave $1 to this company, how much money could the company earn by investing that $1?" A ROIC of 5% means that the company can return $0.05 per dollar invested.
ROIC is often considered a more reasonable estimate of managerial performance than Return on Equity (ROE) because it takes into account investments by debt holders, which should be invested to increase net income.
It is also more reasonable than Return on Assets (ROA) because it only assumes that capital which was "invested" into the company can be used to earn income.
ROIC = Net Income / (Shareholder's Equity + Total Long Term Debt)
YCharts uses trailing 12 months net income in the numerator and the average of the past 5 quarters of shareholder's equity plus total long term debt in the denominator.